DK case study: Strategisk Energiplanlægning i Hovedstadsregionen

Af Morten Jørgensen, Projektkoordinator, Gate 21

Energi på Tværs 2Det strategiske energiplanlægningsprojekt ”Energi på Tværs” har haft til formål at etablere enighed blandt alle relevante interessenter i regionen om en samordnet omstilling til et fossilfrit samfund senest i 2050. For at nå dette mål på den mest energieffektive måde har de medvirkende partnere analyseret en række scenarier med forskellige kombinationer af vedvarende energi, inkl. vind, biomasse og sol.

Projektet resulterede i følgende konklusioner:

  1. Det er muligt og ønskværdigt at omstille el- og varmeforsyningssektorerne til fossilfri drift i 2035;
  2. Senest i 2020 vil det være muligt at reducere bruttoenergiforbruget med 6,3% sammenlignet med 2012 (gennemsnitlig reduktion på 0,8% per år), og CO2 emissionen kan reduceres med tæt ved 27%;
  3. Det vil være nødvendigt årligt at investere 10-15 milliarder kr. i energisektorens infrastruktur i de kommende år;
  4. Disse investeringer skal udføres af de involverede parter i tæt koordination mhp. at nå det fælles mål;
  5. De samlede omkostninger for samfundet for at nå den nødvendige omstilling til vedvarende energi vil være af samme størrelsesorden, som ved en fortsat forsyning med fossile brændsler.

Energi på Tværs

Det har været en lang og kompleks proces med aktiv deltagelse af alle relevante interessenter, som alle viste stor motivation i retning af at nå det fælles mål om et fossilfrit samfund. Repræsentanter fra de 29 kommuner, den regionale myndighed og fra energiselskaberne samledes til flere møder, hvor forudsætningerne for energivisionen blev grundigt diskuteret. Embedsmænd, tekniske specialister og konsulenter har holdt møder i udvalgte temagrupper for at diskutere tekniske og økonomiske detaljer, og til sidst mødtes borgmestre fra de fleste af de 29 kommuner og blev enige om den fælles energivision og rammerne for denne visions udmøntning.

Translated from the final SUSREG report, page 8.

Energy strategy game

In the Energy strategy card game various stakeholders must work together to achieve the highest possible scores for: Climate change; Security of supply; Citizens’ satisfaction; and Economic growth.

The game offers the players to discuss current energy related issues in an entertaining and informal way. It also contributes to the appreciation of the complex relationships between the transport and the energy supply/demand systems, society’s core development sectors as well as key stakeholders.

The card game can be ordered in at Gate 21 / Energi på Tværs: energipaatvaers@gate21.dk

(Only versions in Danish and English are available)

Denmark – SUSREG presented at the biggest yearly event in DK for town planners

Once a year Byplanlaboratoriet invites all municipal town planners to a conference to discuss actual topics and challenges concerning urban planning.

Herning in  JutlandThe hosting city of the conference varies each year, because the conference is supplied with visits to relevant (and interesting) places in the city area and neighbouring cities. This year the conference took place in Herning in the middle Jutland. In the map Herning is marked with a red cirkel (click on map to enlarge). 4-600 every year visits the conference – this year 547 town planners, architects and politicians from the municipalities.

SUSREG was presented at a small exhibition in the exhibition hall. During the first day of the conference we had two bigger events and a number of smaller events to attract attention. And more than 200 visited us and had a fact sheet on SUSREG case stories.

Multiple parallel sessions, on national ‘hot topics’

In the first, introducing lecture, focus was on introducing the strategic energy planning process in Denmark and the Danish case study from the Copenhagen Region, “Cross cutting Energy”. We had then prepared a challenge for the participants on their knowledge of energy efficiency, sustainable energy and climate resilience: a “climate game” and a small questionnaire.
The climate game was in form of a “train”, where the participants should choose different set ups for getting rid of the water from roofs, streets or squares. And lead it to a specific situation.

Byplanlaboratoriet conference 2014The small questionnaire was to start the discussion of knowledge on the central topics of the SUSREG which are (sustainable) energy supply, energy efficiency and climate resilience. The results of the discussions were rather uniquely and said:
There is a lack of knowledge on European energy politics and regional energy politics – more knowledge on national energy politics. “Normal” energy efficiency is well known, but 0-energy buildings and how to achieve the 0 energy goal is not so known.
There is sufficient knowledge on economical and financial topics and involvement of stakeholders.

Conclusions

Workshops of two to three hours are really not sufficient for communicating the messages of SUSREG. But communicating the need of more knowledge on energy for planners and the content of the master classes was OK. The general picture is that there is a good need for more SUSREG master classes. Three municipalities asked directly for a follow up.

A business plan for a commercial follow up shows that we will need at least 15 participants at a cost of 800 EURO each to make it profitable. Room, food and drinks come on top of that. But in Denmark it’s not expensive for a six-day course!

Case study – Capital Region of Greater Copenhagen

The primary objective of the Capital Region of Greater Copenhagen is to become the most energy efficient region in Denmark.

denmarkThe way to achieve this is based on cross municipal cooperation and public-private partnerships, which a great emphasis of a shift to renewable energy. The current planning in the municipalities does not ensure a coherent energy planning for major geographic areas and therefore provide risk that municipal energy action plans unwittingly counteract each other, and does not contribute to the effective achievement of this above objective. There is a need for cross-municipal and cross-sectoral planning in the region, and to develop a new practice with focus on creating a long-term, coordinated effort between sectors in the energy and transport system and across public administrations and public or private stakeholders. In other words: a “strategic energy planning”.

 

The case study elaborated by Gate21 will therefore focus on the implementation of a strategic energy planning at the municipal level in the capital region. The case study for SUSREG training in the capital region and for national dissemination will be “urban and regional planning for renewable energy shifts to make Copenhagen CO2-neutral by 2025” with an emphasis on cross-municipal and cross-sectoral collaboration”. The case study will take a starting point in the Climate Plan of the City of Copenhagen and will through SUSREG inspiration and training be extended to other municipalities in the capital region. The planning process will be improved by SUSREG methods/tools and inspiration will e.g. come from the Netherlands and new Danish municipal guidelines for energy source mapping and analysing. Experience from the Copenhagen case study will subsequently be used in an effort to strengthen knowledge and skills of professional planners in the remaining 28 municipalities, so that there is a very good replication potential. This, with a particular focus on local and cross-municipal energy planning, interdisciplinary collaboration within the local administration and with external stakeholders, including knowledge and skills to engage in public-private partnerships in the area.